The SCO comprises eight member states, namely the Republic of India, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The SCO counts four observer states, namely the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran and  the Republic of Mongolia;

The SCO has six dialogue partners, namely the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

The SCO Secretariat, based in Beijing, is the main permanent executive body of the SCO. Bringing together the colourful and distinctive cultures of Central Asia, Russia and China, it promotes mutual assistance and team spirit among staff and provides reliable support on the basis of a stable administrative system that has taken shape over 15 years.

The SCO summit for 2020 will be hosted by Russia. It is clear that SCO has become an important venue for the member states to interact and bilateral meetings on the sidelines have garnered more attention than the multilateral summit itself. With the inclusion of India and Pakistan, it still remains to be seen if the bilateral frictions between member states would preclude more meaningful collaboration at the SCO or whether it would overcome the differences to play an active role in a changing international order.

The governor of Russia’s Chelyabinsk Oblast (province), Boris Dubrovsky, revealed earlier this week that Chelyabinsk’s new airport terminal will be ready at the start of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and BRICS summits, which will be held in 2020. Between fifty billion Russian rubles, or about 800 million euros, has been allocated for the projects in order to prepare the city for the upcoming summits. The budget includes costs for the construction of a public area and a business center expected to occupy 110,000 square meters comprising airport reconstruction, improvement of the ecological situation, hotel construction and infrastructure improvements.



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